plymouth population

In 1620, the Pilgrim Fathers departed Plymouth for the New World and established Plymouth Colony, the second English settlement in what is now the United States of America. Weather station is located 1.6 miles (2.6 km) from the Plymouth city centre. There have been proposals to reopen the Exeter to Plymouth railway of the LSWR which would connect Cornwall and Plymouth to Exeter using the former Southern Railway main line from Plymouth to Exeter via Okehampton, because the main line through South Devon is vulnerable to damage from rough seas at Dawlish, where some of the cliffs are also fragile. The main building is located in the city centre and contains three performance spaces – The Lyric (1,315 capacity),[149] Drum Theatre (200 capacity),[150] and The Lab (60 capacity) – and they also run their own specialised production and creative learning centre called TR2, based in Cattedown. Since the 1980s, employment in the defence sector has decreased substantially and the public sector is now prominent particularly in administration, health, education, medicine and engineering. Plymouth is currently declining at a rate of 0.00% annually and its population has decreased by -4.96% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 7,494 in 2010. Enclosing the city are the mouths of the river Plym and river Tamar, which are naturally incorporated into Plymouth Sound to form a boundary with Cornwall. Beckley Point, at 78m / 20 floors, is Plymouth's tallest building[196][197] and was completed on 8 February 2018. The name Plymouth first officially replaced Sutton in a charter of King Henry VI in 1440. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Office for National Statistics. The naturalist Dr William Elford Leach FRS, who did much to pave the way in Britain for Charles Darwin, was born at Hoe Gate in 1791. Flying boats operated from Mount Batten. [123] [65], In suburban areas, post-War prefabs had already begun to appear by 1946, and over 1,000 permanent council houses were built each year from 1951 to 1957 according to the Modernist zoned low-density garden city model advocated by Abercrombie. [143] From 2014 MTV Crashes Plymouth has taken place every July on Plymouth Hoe, hosting big-name acts such as The 1975, Little Mix, Tinie Tempah and Busted. [14] On 12 November 1439, the English Parliament made Plymouth the first town incorporated. It seems to have been carrying water since 1797, but it was officially completed in 1801. Numerous technical difficulties and repeated storm damage meant that it was not completed until 1841, twenty years after Rennie's death. As part of Devonport's millennium regeneration project, the Devonport Heritage Trail has been introduced, complete with over 70 waymarkers outlining the route. Plymouth (/ˈplɪməθ/ (listen)) is a port city in England on the south coast of Devon, approximately 37 miles (60 km) south-west of Exeter and 190 miles (310 km) west-south-west of London. [62] Local limestone may be seen in numerous buildings, walls and pavements throughout Plymouth. [85] It has a wide range of courses including those in marine focused business, marine engineering, marine biology and Earth, ocean and environmental sciences, surf science, shipping and logistics. [116] Other suggestions include the demolition of the Plymouth Pavilions entertainment arena to create a canal "boulevard" linking Millbay to the city centre. Crews for the first English failed settlement attempt at Roanoke Colony in North America departed in 1587 under Sir Walter Raleigh's and Drake's leadership; returning bearing maize, tobacco and potatoes. Plymouth. Plymouth is an important centre for watersports, especially scuba diving and sailing. [36], During the Second World War, Devonport was the headquarters of Western Approaches Command until 1941, and Sunderland flying boats were operated by the Royal Australian Air Force. [57], Plymouth lies between the River Plym to the east and the River Tamar to the west; both rivers flow into the natural harbour of Plymouth Sound. [23] The last major attack by the Royalists was by Sir Richard Grenville leading thousands of soldiers towards Plymouth, but they were defeated by the Plymothians at Freedom Fields Park. 7.1% did not state their religious belief. The Plymouth Marine Laboratory (PML; founded 1988) was formed in part from components of the MBA. Town in Massachusetts. [204][205] Artists include Beryl Cook whose paintings depict the culture of Plymouth[206] and Robert Lenkiewicz, whose paintings investigated themes of vagrancy, sexual behaviour and suicide, lived in the city from the 1960s until his death in 2002. It was fed by three Dartmoor rivers: The West Dart, Cowsic and Blackabrook. [16] Defences on St Nicholas Island also date from this time, and a string of six artillery blockhouses were built, including one on Fishers Nose at the south-eastern corner of the Hoe. Plymouth's early history extends to the Bronze Age when a first settlement emerged at Mount Batten. Contents: Subdivision. On 26 January 1786, Benjamin Robert Haydon, an English painter who specialised in grand historical pictures, was born here. [25] Mount Batten tower also dates from around this time. Plymouth cricket club was formed in 1843, the current 1st XI play in the Devon Premier League. The parallel road bridge was completed in 1961. [31], The 1-mile-long (2 km) Breakwater in Plymouth Sound was designed by John Rennie to protect the fleet moving in and out of Devonport; work started in 1812. William Cookworthy born in Kingsbridge set up his successful porcelain business in the city and was a close friend of John Smeaton designer of the Eddystone Lighthouse. Designed by leading architect Henning Larsen, the building was opened in 2008 and houses the University's Arts faculty. [96] The Plymouth urban area had a population of 260,203 in 2011 (the urban sprawl which extends outside the authority's boundaries). [65], In 2004 the old Drake Circus shopping centre and Charles Cross car park were demolished and replaced by the latest Drake Circus Shopping Centre, which opened in October 2006. [6] An unidentified settlement named TAMARI OSTIA (mouth/estuaries of the Tamar) is listed in Ptolemy's Geographia and is presumed to be located in the area of the modern city. ret.2014-01-10. [22], During the English Civil War Plymouth sided with the Parliamentarians and was besieged for almost four years by the Royalists. It is owned by the Landmark Trust and is open to the public. [191], To the west of the city is Devonport, one of Plymouth's historic quarters. By 1964 over 20,000 new homes had been built, transforming the dense overcrowded and unsanitary slums of the pre-war city into a low density, dispersed suburbia. [111] The Tinside Pool is situated at the foot of the Hoe and became a grade II listed building in 1998 before being restored to its 1930s look for £3.4 million. Plymouth Population Statistics. As the river silted up in the early 11th century, mariners and merchants were forced to settle downriver, at the current day Barbican near the river mouth. [145] A number of other smaller cultural events taken place annually, including Plymouth Art Weekender,[146] Plymouth Fringe Festival[147] and Illuminate Festival. [40], A peripheral road system connecting the historic Barbican on the east and Union Street to the west determines the principal form of the city centre, even following pedestrianisation of the shopping centre in the late 1980s, and continues to inform the present 'Vision for Plymouth' developed by a team led by Barcelona-based architect David MacKay in 2003 which calls for revivification of the city centre with mixed-use and residential. [10] Collectively they were referred to as "The Three Towns". [44] In 1254 it gained status as a town and in 1439, became the first town in England to be granted a Charter by Parliament. [18], During the 16th century, locally produced wool was the major export commodity. He was acquainted with engineer John Smeaton, the builder of the third Eddystone Lighthouse. Rocks brought down the Tamar from Dartmoor include ores containing tin, copper, tungsten, lead and other minerals. the county borough of Plymouth, the County Borough of Devonport, and the urban district of East Stonehouse were merged, becoming the County Borough of Plymouth. The neighbouring town of Devonport became strategically important to the Royal Navy for its shipyards and dockyards. Enclosing the city are the mouths of the river Plym and river Tamar, which are naturally incorporated into Plymouth Sound to form a boundary with Cornwall. Antarctic explorers Robert Falcon Scott who was born in Plymouth and Frank Bickerton both lived in the city. [10] The Three Towns conurbation of Plymouth, Stonehouse and Devonport enjoyed some prosperity during the late 18th and early 19th century and were enriched by a series of neo-classical urban developments designed by London architect John Foulston. [183], After the English Civil War the Royal Citadel was erected in 1666 towards the eastern section of Plymouth Hoe, to defend the port from naval attacks, suppress Plymothian Parliamentary leanings and to train the armed forces. [188] Also on Sutton Pool is the National Marine Aquarium which displays 400 marine species and includes Britain's deepest aquarium tank. Plymouth is home to Plymouth Argyle F.C., who play in the third tier of English football league known as Football League One. In 1712 there were 318 men employed and by 1733 the population had grown to 3,000 people. The portion of people without a religion is 32.9%; above the national average of 24.7%. [106] During the 1930s, it was the most widely distributed gin and has a controlled term of origin[106] until 2015. [216] The Plymouth City Council allowed it to fall into disrepair but it was grade II listed in 2010 by English Heritage to prevent its demolition. [178] Plymouth has five fire stations located in Camel's Head, Crownhill, Greenbank, Plympton and Plymstock which is part of Devon and Somerset Fire and Rescue Service. Smaller stations in the suburban area west of the city centre are served by trains on the Tamar Valley Line to Gunnislake and local services on the Cornish Main Line, which crosses the Tamar on the Royal Albert Bridge. [54], Plymouth was granted the dignity of Lord Mayor by King George V in 1935. [56] The Civic Centre municipal office building in Armada Way became a listed building in June 2007 because of its quality and period features, but has become the centre of a controversy as the council planned for its demolition estimating that it could cost £40m to refurbish it, resulting in possible job losses. [10] The name Plym Mouth, meaning "mouth of the River Plym" was first mentioned in a Pipe Roll of 1211. [105], Plymouth has a post-war shopping area in the city centre with substantial pedestrianisation. Local sailors turning to piracy such as Henry Every became infamous, celebrated in the London play The Successful Pyrate. The team's home ground is called Home Park and is located in Central Park. [1] From Saxon times, it was in the hundred of Roborough. [190], On the northern outskirts of the city, Crownhill Fort is a well-restored example of a "Palmerston's Folly". The route runs mostly traffic-free on off-road sections between Ilfracombe and Plymouth. Other sports clubs include Plymouth Albion Plymouth Raiders and Plymouth Gladiators. In 2017 its auditorium (340 capacity) returned to use as a theatre, having been out of service since 2009. [89] Plymouth College of Art offers a selection of courses including media. [194], The Roland Levinsky building, the landmark building of the University of Plymouth, is located in the city's central quarter. [168] Burrator Reservoir is located about 5 miles (8 km) north of the city and was constructed in 1898 and expanded in 1928. [64], On 27 April 1944 Sir Patrick Abercrombie's Plan for Plymouth to rebuild the bomb-damaged city was published; it called for demolition of the few remaining pre-War buildings in the city centre to make way for their replacement with wide, parallel, modern boulevards aligned east–west linked by a north–south avenue (Armada Way) linking the railway station with the vista of Plymouth Hoe.

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