Click on the icon linkto the right of the line for related images and information. Book I: After a brief introduction lamenting the idea of Romans fighting Romans and an ostensibly flattering dedication to Nero, the narrative summarizes background material leading up to the present war and introduces Caesar in northern Italy. Plutarch praises her accomplishments in literature, music, geometry and philosophy, and her freedom from intellectual pretentiousness (Pompey 55). by Caesar, and a naval battle takes place between the townspeople and Caesar's two leaders; then proceeds to Caesar's crossing of the Rubicon, with a striking "In sum this is a useful resource on Lucan's epic. Despite the 30-year difference in their ages and the origin of their marriage in political alliance, they were a devoted couple. However, Lucan’s poem breaks off with Caesar still in Egypt before the ultimate conclusion of the conflict, thus leading to intense modern scholarly debate as to the completeness of the work. soldiers who decide to die rather than surrender when caught. of Hercules and Antaeus. The war concluded with the defeat of the Republican side at the Battle of Munda, following the death of their leader Pompey in Egypt. Lucan's relation to Virgil is transgressive in terms of size and scale and also of theme and ideology. begins his dalliance with Cleopatra. The poem deals Or did they merely wish to replace a tyrannical ruler with a more moderate figure? massacres Adde Those interested in Lucan's rhetoric, his Africa, or his Cato in particular will find a lot to think over here. Ammon, confident in his Stoic faith and the rightness of his actions, claiming The discovery of the conspiracy ultimately led to the forced suicide of all involved. Book X At Alexandria Caesar visits the tomb of Alexander the Great, and Bust of the Roman poet Marcus Annaeus Lucanus (CE 39-65). et puppem quae fata feret tam laeta timebo. Marcia lived on as an exemplum of marital fidelity and wifely obedience, first in the exercises produced in the rhetorical schools (see Quintilian, Institutiones 3.5.11, 13; 10.5.13) and then in the writings of the early Church Fathers (see Tertullian, Apologeticum 39.12-13). da mihi castra sequi: cur tuta in pace relinquar, 350 Hae flexere virum voces, et, tempora quamquam. Marcus Annaeus Lucanus (39-65 CE), grandson of Seneca the Elder and nephew of Seneca the Younger, was a Roman statesman and Latin poet. ignosce fatenti, posse pati timeo. The first half of this passage (326-349) alludes to Hortensius' funeral rites and contains Marcia's poignant petition to Cato for the renewal of her status as his wife; the second half (350-371) describes the bittersweet nuptials, a grimly foreboding perversion of the traditional marriage ceremony. Aēgŷptī, rēgnūm Lāgī … The book is in a An epic poem, the Bellum civile is written in dactylic hexameter. May 2009. Judith Lynn Sebesta Book IX After Pompey's death, Cato assumes command over the remains of the Written by Elaine Sanderson, published on 06 November 2015 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. Scaeva, a The topic of civil war was somewhat taboo in Ancient Rome, and Lucan’s decision to write about such a loaded subject has raised questions about his political motivations. Despite this, Lucan was not studied as extensively as, say Virgil, until the late 20th century CE, when scholars began to bring Lucan to the forefront of academic discussion. An epic poem, the Bellum civile is written in dactylic hexameter. the Bellum civile partakes of the nature of a confession, and the apparent difficulties and inconsistencies can easily be resolved if the reader will bear in mind that one's attitude toward fate is the standard by which Lucan measures his actors: "Die Stellung des Menschen zum Fatum ist der Kanon, mit dem Lucan … This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms.
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